FIELD CROP PRODUCTION – PACIFIC REGION

P1050311SUGARCANE: The 2014 production of sugarcane in Hawaii is forecast at 1.43 million tons, up 2 percent from the previous year, but unchanged from the August forecast. Harvested acreage is estimated at 19.0 thousand acres, up 7 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 75.0 tons per acre.

The 2014 U.S. production of sugarcane for sugar and seed in 2014 is forecast at 29.4 million tons, down 4 percent from last year. Producers intend to harvest 883 thousand acres for sugar and seed during the 2014 crop year, down 28.3 thousand acres from last year. Expected yield for sugar and seed is forecast at 33.3 tons per acre, down 0.5 tons from 2013.

COTTON: California Upland cotton production in California is forecast at 215 thousand bales, down 35 percent from the 2013 crop. Harvested acreage is estimated at 59.0 thousand acres, down 35 percent from a year ago. Yield is forecast at 1,749 pounds per acre, up 1 percent from last year.

California American Pima cotton production is forecast at 510 thousand bales, down 16 percent from the 2013 crop. Harvested acreage is forecast at 154 thousand acres, down 17 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,590 pounds per acre.

U.S. upland cotton production is forecast at 16.0 million 480-pound bales, up 30 percent from 2013. Harvested area is expected to total 9.69 million acres, down 4 percent from last month but up 32 percent from 2013.

The U.S. American Pima cotton production, forecast at 578 thousand bales, is down 9 percent from last year. Expected harvested area, at 189.4 thousand acres, is down 5 percent from 2013.

RICE: California’s 2014 rice crop forecast, at 36.8 million cwt., is down 23 percent from the previous year. The yield forecast is 8,600 pounds per acre, up 2 percent from last month and up 1 percent from last year. Planted and harvested acreages are forecast at 433 thousand and 428 thousand acres, respectively. As of September 1, nearly all of the rice acres had headed.

The 2014 U.S. rice production is forecast at 218 million cwt, down 5 percent from August, but up 15 percent from last year. Area for harvest is expected to total 2.91 million acres, down 4 percent from August, but 18 percent higher than 2013. Based on conditions as of September 1, the average United States yield is forecast at a record high 7,501 pounds per acre, down 59 pounds from August and down 193 pounds from last year.

SUGAR BEETS: California sugar beet production is forecast at 1.12 million tons, up 2 percent from the August forecast and up 3 percent from last season. With harvested acreage forecast at 25.0 thousand acres, the yield is 44.6 tons per acre.

The U.S. sugar beet production for the 2014 crop year is forecast at 31.5 million tons, down 4 percent from last year. Producers expect to harvest 1.15 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but down 1 percent from 2013. Expected yield is forecast at 27.5 tons per acre, a decrease of 0.9 tons from last year.

CORN: California’s 2014 corn for grain production forecast is 539 thousand tons, down 45 percent from last year’s crop, but up 3 percent from the August forecast. With harvested acreage forecast at 110 thousand acres, the yield is 4.90 tons per acre. Compared with the 2013 crop year, harvested acreage is down 39 percent and the yield is down 10 percent.

Nationally, corn for grain production is forecast at 403 million tons, up 3 percent from the August forecast and up 3 percent from 2013. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 4.81 tons per acre, up 3 percent from the August forecast and 8 percent above the 2013 average. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.8 million acres, unchanged from the August forecast, but down 4 percent from 2013.

OFF FARM RICE STOCKS

Stocks of milled rice stored in California mills and warehouses on August 1, 2014 totaled 1.42 million cwt. Nationally, milled rice stocks in all positions on August 1 totaled 3.71 million cwt., 10 percent below the comparable figure for a year ago.

Rough rice stocks in California mills and off-farm warehouses totaled 11.0 million cwt. on August 1, 2014. This was 34 percent above the 8.18 million cwt. of stocks on hand a year earlier. Nationally, rough rice stocks in all positions on August 1, 2014 totaled 26.6 million cwt., down 13 percent from the total on August 1, 2013.

PRICES RECEIVED BY CALIFORNIA FARMERS – August 2014

Mid-August prices for wheat were not published to avoid disclosure of individual buyers. There were insufficient sales to establish a mid-month price for barley, dry, edible beans, all types of potatoes and upland cotton lint.

U.S. PRICES RECEIVED INDEX

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in August, at 109 percent, based on 2011=100, was unchanged from July. The Crop Index is down 2 points (2.2 percent) and the Livestock Index decreased 1 point (0.8 percent). Producers received higher prices for cattle, milk, apples, and broccoli and lower prices for corn, broilers, soybeans, and wheat. In addition to prices, the overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly movement of cattle, grapes, hogs, and calves offset the decreased marketing of wheat, corn, soybeans, and hay.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index is up 4 points (3.8 percent) from August 2013. The Food Commodities Index, at 120, was unchanged from last month but increased 14 points (13 percent) from August 2013.

The August Index of Prices Paid for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW) is at 111 (2011=100). The index is down 1 point (0.9 percent) from July but 5 points (4.7 percent) above August 2013. Lower prices in August for feeder pigs, complete feeds, concentrates, and mixed fertilizer more than offset higher prices for feeder cattle, herbicides, supplies, and insecticides.

The August All Farm Products Index is 109 percent of its 2011 base, unchanged percent from the July index but 3.8 percent above the August 2013 index.

All crops: The August index, at 90, decreased 2.2 percent from July and is 13 percent below August 2013. The lower index for oilseeds & grains was the major contributor to the decline in the all crops index.

Food grains: The August index, at 82, is 3.5 percent below the previous month and 14 percent below a year ago. The August price for all wheat, at $5.85 per bushel, is down 31 cents from July and $1.03 below August 2013.

Feed grains: The August index, at 64, is down 5.9 percent from last month and 38 percent below a year ago. The corn price, at $3.70 per bushel, is down 35 cents from last month and $2.51 below August 2013. Sorghum grain, at $6.79 per cwt, is 61 cents below July and down $2.03 from August last year.

Oilseeds: The August index, at 94, is down 8.7 percent from July and 15 percent lower than August 2013. The soybean price, at $12.20 per bushel, decreased 90 cents from July and is $1.90 below August 2013.

Fruits & tree nuts: The August index, at 127, is down 1.6 percent from July but is 13 percent higher than a year ago. The lower price for grapes more than offset the price increase for apples.

Commercial vegetables: The August index, at 100, is down 5.7 percent from last month and 4.8 percent below August 2013. The lower prices for onions and sweet corn more than offset the price increases during August for broccoli and cucumbers.

Other crops: The August index, at 98, is down 6.7 percent from last month and 3.9 percent below August 2013. The all hay price, at $185 per ton, is down $7.00 from July but $8.00 higher than last August. The price for upland cotton, at 66.9 cents per pound, is down 15.2 cents from July and 10.0 cents from last August.

Livestock and products: The August index, at 132, is 0.8 percent below last month but 23 percent higher than August 2013. Compared with a year ago, prices are higher for cattle, milk, hogs, broilers, calves, and turkeys. The price for market eggs is down from a year earlier.

Meat animals: The August index, at 140, is up 1.4 percent from last month and 30 percent higher than last year. The August hog price, at $88.30 per cwt, is down $5.00 from July but up $14.10 from a year ago. The August beef cattle price of $160 per cwt increased $4.00 from last month and is $39.00 higher than August 2013.

Dairy products: The August index, at 118, is up 1.7 percent from a month ago and 20 percent higher than August last year. The August all milk price of $23.70 per cwt is up 40 cents from last month and $4.10 higher than August 2013.

Poultry & eggs: The August index, at 124, is down 8.8 percent from July but 8.8 percent above a year ago. The August market egg price, at 86.2 cents per dozen, decreased 18.8 cents from July and is 0.8 cents lower than August 2013. The August broiler price, at 60.0 cents per pound, is down 6.0 cents from July but 6.0 cents above a year ago. The August turkey price, at 73.0 cents per pound, is down 1.0 cent from the previous month but up 5.6 cents from a year earlier.

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