Growing Kalamungay or Moringa trees in Hawaii

Growing Kalamungay or Moringa trees in Hawaii can offer various benefits, given the favorable climate and conditions in the region. Here are some potential advantages:

Nutritional Value: Moringa leaves are rich in essential nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and E, as well as minerals such as calcium, potassium, and iron. Incorporating Moringa into the diet can contribute to improved nutrition and overall health.

Adaptability to Climate: Moringa trees are known for their resilience and adaptability to different climates. Hawaii’s tropical climate provides a suitable environment for Moringa cultivation, and the trees can thrive in a variety of soil types.

Fast Growth: Moringa trees are fast-growing, and they can reach a height of 10 to 12 feet or more within the first year of planting. This rapid growth can lead to quicker yields and a faster return on investment.

Drought Tolerance: Moringa trees are drought-tolerant once established, making them well-suited for regions with irregular rainfall patterns. This characteristic can be beneficial in areas where water conservation is a concern.

Soil Improvement: Moringa trees have deep taproots that can help improve soil structure and prevent soil erosion. They also have the ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, enhancing its fertility.

Medicinal Properties: Moringa has been traditionally used for its medicinal properties. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. Some studies suggest that Moringa may have potential health benefits, although more research is needed.

Livestock Feed: Moringa leaves can be used as a nutritious feed for livestock, providing a sustainable and locally sourced option for animal nutrition.

Culinary Use: Moringa leaves are edible and can be used in various culinary applications. They can be added to salads, soups, or used as a nutritious garnish, providing a local source of fresh, healthy food.

Economic Opportunities: Growing Moringa trees can present economic opportunities for farmers and entrepreneurs. The leaves, seeds, and other parts of the tree can be processed into various products, such as herbal teas, nutritional supplements, and skincare items.

Environmental Benefits: The deep roots of Moringa trees help in preventing soil erosion, and the overall growth of the tree contributes to carbon sequestration, potentially offering environmental benefits.

Before starting a Moringa cultivation project in Hawaii, it’s important to consider local regulations, climate variations within the islands, and market demand for Moringa products to ensure a successful and sustainable venture.

USA JOBS – Agriculture Hawaii Federal Jobs

Contract Specialist
Agriculture, Rural Development
Department of Agriculture
Anywhere in the U.S. (remote job)
Starting at $98,496 Per Year (GS 13)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 10/03/2023 to 12/19/2023


Plant Protection Technician
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Department of Agriculture
Multiple Locations
Starting at $37,696 Per Year (GS 5)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 11/09/2023 to 11/16/2023


Soil Conservationist
Natural Resources Conservation Service
Department of Agriculture
Multiple Locations
Starting at $37,696 Per Year (GS 5-9)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 11/08/2023 to 11/20/2023


Research Biologist (Computational) (Research Associate)
Agricultural Research Service
Department of Agriculture
Anywhere in the U.S. (remote job)
Forage Seed & Cereal Research Unit
Starting at $69,107 Per Year (GS 11)
2 yrs – Full-time
Open 07/17/2023 to 12/29/2023


Patent Advisor (General)
Agricultural Research Service
Department of Agriculture
Anywhere in the U.S. (remote job)
Starting at $98,496 Per Year (GS 13-14)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 11/07/2023 to 11/20/2023


Biological Science Technician (Natural Resources)
Forest Service
Department of Agriculture
Multiple Locations
Starting at $22.37 Per Hour (GS 7)
Temporary – Full-time
Open 10/26/2023 to 11/13/2023


Naval Facilities Engineering Systems Command
Department of the Navy
Honolulu, Hawaii
Starting at $71,877 Per Year (GS 11-12)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 10/27/2023 to 11/27/2023


General Natural Resources Management and Biological Sciences
Department of Energy – Agency Wide
Department of Energy
Anywhere in the U.S. (remote job)
Department of Energy- Clean Energy Corps
Starting at $82,830 Per Year (GS 12-15)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 11/08/2023 to 02/15/2024


Supervisory Marine Biologist
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Department of Commerce
Honolulu, Hawaii
National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
Starting at $142,397 Per Year (ZP 5)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 10/27/2023 to 11/13/2023


Loan Specialist
Department of Energy – Agency Wide
Department of Energy
Anywhere in the U.S. (remote job)
Department of Energy- Clean Energy Corps
Starting at $57,118 Per Year (GS 9-15)
Multiple Appointment Types – Full-time
Open 08/01/2023 to 11/14/2023


Customs and Border Protection Officer
Customs and Border Protection
Department of Homeland Security
CBPO Nationwide,
Starting at $37,696 Per Year (GS 5-7)
Permanent – May include rotating shifts, assignments, and overtime on a regular and recurring basis.
Open 11/01/2023 to 11/30/2023


Customs and Border Protection Officer
Customs and Border Protection
Department of Homeland Security
CBPO Nationwide,
Starting at $57,118 Per Year (GS 9)
Permanent – May include rotating shifts, assignments, and overtime on a regular and recurring basis.
Open 11/01/2023 to 11/30/2023


Forester – 12 Month Roster
Internal Revenue Service
Department of the Treasury
Multiple Locations
Starting at $98,496 Per Year (GS 13)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 05/17/2023 to 03/18/2024


Biological Scientist (Environmental)
Air Force Materiel Command
Department of the Air Force
Multiple Locations
Hiring organizations will vary
Starting at $46,696 Per Year (GS 7-9)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 10/01/2023 to 09/30/2024


Naval Facilities Engineering Systems Command
Department of the Navy
Honolulu, Hawaii
Starting at $102,444 Per Year (GS 13)
Permanent – Full-time
Open 10/25/2023 to 11/24/2023

Importance of Mulberry in Hawaii

Tall skinny wauke plants with green leaves stand closely packed.
Wauke (wă’u-ke)
Paper Mulberry
Broussonetia papyrifera

Mulberry (Morus spp.) holds cultural and economic significance in Hawaii for various reasons:

Cultural Significance:

Traditional Uses: Mulberry has been traditionally used in Hawaii for various purposes. The bark of the mulberry tree was used in making kapa, a traditional Hawaiian fabric, and the wood was employed in crafting tools and other items.

Medicinal Uses: Some cultures value mulberry for its potential medicinal properties. In traditional Hawaiian medicine, parts of the mulberry plant might be used for various health remedies, although practices can vary among different communities.

Ceremonial Importance: Certain plants, including mulberry, may have ceremonial importance in Hawaiian culture. The leaves, for example, might be used in cultural events, rituals, or ceremonies.

Culinary Uses: While not as commonly consumed as in some other cultures, the fruit of the mulberry tree is edible. In Hawaii, people might incorporate mulberries into traditional dishes or use them in cooking and baking.

Economic Significance:

Silk Production: Mulberry leaves are the primary food source for silkworms. While silk production is not as prominent in Hawaii as in some other regions, there have been efforts to explore sericulture (silk farming) as a potential industry. This could contribute to economic diversification.

Mulberry Tea and Products: Mulberry leaves can be used to make tea, and some people value it for its potential health benefits. Additionally, there is a growing market for herbal and specialty teas, and mulberry-based products could find a niche in this market.

Landscaping and Shade: Mulberry trees can be valuable in landscaping for their aesthetic appeal and the shade they provide. They are often used for ornamental purposes in gardens, parks, and along streets. This can contribute to the beautification of urban and suburban areas.

Agroforestry and Permaculture: Mulberries can be part of agroforestry systems, providing benefits such as soil improvement and diversified income streams for farmers. In permaculture practices, mulberry trees may be integrated into systems that promote sustainability and biodiversity.

Potential for Value-Added Products: Beyond tea, mulberry leaves and fruits can be used in various value-added products. This could include jams, jellies, syrups, or even dietary supplements, contributing to the development of a local industry.

While the cultural and economic significance of mulberry in Hawaii may not be as prominent as in some other regions, efforts to explore and promote its various uses can contribute to the overall sustainability and resilience of local ecosystems and economies.

Issues Watermelon Growers Experience in Hawaii

Watermelon cultivation in Hawaii, like any agricultural endeavor, comes with its own set of challenges. Some of the issues that watermelon growers in Hawaii face include:

Pests and Diseases: Common pests like aphids, whiteflies, and cucumber beetles, as well as diseases such as powdery mildew and Fusarium wilt, can affect watermelon crops. Hawaii’s tropical climate can create conditions favorable to certain pests and diseases, necessitating careful pest management and disease control measures.

Climate Variability: While Hawaii generally has a tropical climate, there can be variations in temperature, rainfall, and humidity across different regions and seasons. Watermelon plants require specific conditions for optimal growth, and extremes in weather can impact yields.

Water Management: While watermelons require a significant amount of water, improper water management can lead to issues such as waterlogging or drought stress. Efficient irrigation practices are crucial to ensure adequate water supply without causing damage to the plants or soil.

Soil Quality: Soil quality can vary across different regions in Hawaii. Watermelon plants thrive in well-draining soils rich in organic matter. Some areas may have soil characteristics that require amendments to create a more suitable growing environment.

Transportation and Distribution: Hawaii’s geographical isolation can pose challenges for transportation and distribution. Getting watermelons from farms to markets, especially if they are on different islands, can involve logistical challenges and impact the overall freshness of the produce.

Market Competition and Demand: Understanding and meeting market demand is essential for successful watermelon cultivation. Market competition, pricing fluctuations, and changes in consumer preferences can impact the profitability of watermelon farming in Hawaii.

Land Availability and Cost: The limited availability of arable land and the cost of land in Hawaii can be a challenge for farmers. Securing suitable land for watermelon cultivation at a reasonable cost may require careful planning and consideration.

Labor Shortages: Like many agricultural regions, Hawaii may experience labor shortages, especially during peak harvesting seasons. This can impact the timely and efficient harvesting of watermelons, leading to potential losses.

Regulatory Compliance: Adhering to local and federal agricultural regulations is crucial. Compliance with pesticide usage, water usage, and other environmental regulations is necessary for sustainable and responsible farming practices.

Global Supply Chain Dynamics: As part of the global agricultural market, watermelon growers in Hawaii can be affected by international supply chain dynamics, including factors such as trade policies, currency exchange rates, and global demand.

To address these challenges, watermelon growers in Hawaii may engage in sustainable farming practices, stay informed about the latest agricultural technologies, and collaborate with agricultural extension services and research institutions to access relevant information and resources.

UH wildfire expert: Invasive grasses growing in the abandoned plantations fueled wildfires on Maui and Hawaii Island

Spectrum News

Invasive grasses growing in the abandoned plantations on Maui and Hawaii Island fueled the ongoing wildfires, according to a University of Hawaii at Manoa wildfire expert.

Clay Trauernicht, an Assistant Specialist at UH Manoa’s College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, said land management is necessary to prevent future wildfires in Hawaii.

Wildfires on Hawaii Island and Maui, fanned by strong winds from Hurricane Dore, which is passing south of the state, have burned through the land. On Maui, the historic town of Lahaina was destroyed, with 1,700 buildings burned. At least 55 people have been killed in the fires, but Gov. Josh Green has said the number of dead was likely to rise.

In Hawaii over the past three decades, many sugar plantations, pineapple farms and ranches shuttered. Flammable grasses grew densely in the untended land.

Hot, dry and windy conditions all lined up over the last week, making the invasive grasslands “incredibly prone to burning,” said Trauernicht. “Weather conditions really contributed to the explosive behavior that we saw.”

Dry air sucks the moisture out of the grasses, making them burn swiftly and spreading the wildfire faster.

Lahaina was especially vulnerable because the slopes above it were grasslands. These invasive grasses grow right up to the edge of the community.

There are “thousands of acres of uninterrupted grasslands” in Hawaii, said Trauernicht.

Along with problems created by the grasses, he noted the abandoned plantations rarely have properly maintained resources that firefighters can use to fight fires: roads and water.

Long before the fire started, Trauernicht said private landowners and government agencies needed to work together to reduce the amount of “fuels” for the fire. This includes turning abandoned plantation land back into agricultural land, planting forests with trees that will shade out the grass, and grazing with sheep, cattle or goats.

“If you had those kinds of practices being implemented across larger portions of the landscape … the footprints of these fires would be much, much smaller,” said Trauernicht. “Firefighters would have much better odds at containing them. It would be less risky for them.”

Feral Hogs and the Deadly 2023 Hawaii Fire?

City Watch – Politics. Perspectives. Participation.


Climate change is a normal part of evolution but has become the most-recent politically correct term for inaction and to dismiss responsibility but is highly conducive to obtaining grants and/or a bigger budget for more studies.

Studies regarding nature must relate to reality and the assimilation of noted variances in improving life or protecting it, because—in reality–we have little control over the evolution of the universe.

“Climate change” also cannot excuse failure to have all emergency response systems at peak efficiency 24-hours a day on the islands to protect both residents and visitors.

The reported availability of only three fire units and 65 emergency responders during the current massive Maui tragedy is unforgivable.

CNN reported on August 13, “On Maui, the second largest island in the Hawaiian archipelago, there are 80 outdoor sirens to alert residents to tsunamis and other natural disasters. They sat silent as people fled for their lives.”

“In fact, the state’s vaunted integrated outdoor siren warning system – the largest in the world, with about 400 alarms – was not activated during the fires,” according to Hawaii Emergency Management Agency spokesperson Adam Weintraub.

Thousands of feral pigs—which are not native to Hawaii–populate the islands, dig up the soil, allowing invasive highly combustible growth to kill native plants and create dry brush conditions that flourish and are ignored.

This is not a new issue, but one that has been easy to ignore because there is little interest in feral pigs/wild boars; however, the government’s lack of preparation and excusing its failure to respond and attributing the losses in property and lives to “climate change” must stop when there is evidence of gross human error and the need to manage an important problem.

CityWatch is LA’s opinion, news and information website and newsletter.

Wildfires Are Becoming Increasingly Devastating in Hawaii

By Emma Marris, Nature magazine on August 15, 2023

Wildfires are not new to Hawaii. Although outsiders tend to think of the Pacific archipelago as a place of lush tropical vegetation, each island has a drier leeward side that is sheltered from the wind — this is where tourism tends to be concentrated, because of the sunny weather. Lahaina, where the most lethal fire broke out on 8 August, means ‘cruel sun’ in Hawaiian; this part of Maui has always been hot and dry.

What’s more, Hawaiian fires are getting worse and more frequent. “We’ve been seeing a pretty steady increase, and in the last few decades, an exponential increase in the amount of area that burns in Hawaii every year,” says climatologist Abby Frazier at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts.

The three main ingredients of a wildfire are fuel, dryness and an ignition source. Hawaii’s key fuel is grass, which proliferated in former agricultural areas as the economy shifted from ranching and sugar and pineapple cultivation to tourism. When dry grasses burn, they can carry fire to forested areas, which tend to become grasslands after the fire, in a self-perpetuating cycle.

USAJOBS – Fire Management Specialist (Prescribed Fire and Fuels)

USAJOBS – Fire Management Specialist (Prescribed Fire and Fuels)


  • Individual will be a part of a research team investigating barriers to implementation of the wildfire crisis strategy.
  • Provides program management oversight for a high complexity fire/fuels management program, based on the IFPM complexity analysis rating factors.
  • Provides professional expertise in the development and implementation of multiple resource objectives. Evaluates individual fuels treatments, effectiveness of the overall program and makes recommendations for improvement.
  • Implements and administers prescribed fire activities, wildland fire use, and fuels management activities.
  • evelops fuels treatment alternatives adhering to applicable laws, regulations, policies, and guidelines.
  • Serves as a member of an interdisciplinary team planning, developing, and implementing land management plans, compliance documents, and agreements.
  • Performs fiscal analysis, formulates the annual fuels management budget, and tracks program expenditures.
  • Ensures welfare and safety in all aspects of project implementation and identifies training needs in fire and fuels management.
  • Participates in preparedness reviews, proficiency checks and drills, safety sessions, and after action reviews.
  • Coordinates multi-disciplinary field studies related to fuels management program issues to determine effectiveness of treatments.
  • Coordinates with the next higher organizational level, other agencies, cooperators, and stakeholders to develop interagency fuels strategies and represents the organization in multi-agency fuels management activities.


Conditions of Employment

  • Must be a U.S. Citizen or National.
  • Males born after 12/31/1959 must be Selective Service registered or exempt.
  • Subject to satisfactory adjudication of background investigation and/or fingerprint check.
  • Successful completion of one year probationary period, unless previously served.
  • Per Public Law 104-134 all Federal employees are required to have federal payments made by direct deposit to their financial institution.
  • Successfully pass the E-Verify employment verification check. To learn more about E-Verify, including your rights and responsibilities, visit
  • Must be 18 years of age.
  • This is a Test Designated Position. You will be tested for illegal drugs prior to appointment and randomly thereafter. Appointment and continued employment is conditional on negative results.
  • Must pass the Work Capacity Test for certain Interagency Fire Program Management or Fire Program Management positions.
  • Minimum of 90 days of wildland firefighting experience is required.
  • Willing to live/work in remote locations (volatile/unpredictable).
  • Some Fire positions may have Conditions of Employment such as: a valid state driver’s license; a commercial driver’s license (CDL); pre-appointment and random drug testing; or a physical or medical examination.
  • There may be additional Conditions of Employment not listed here, however applicants will be notified of any specific requirements at the time a tentative job offer is made.

In order to qualify, you must meet the eligibility and qualifications requirements as defined below by the closing date of the announcement. For more information on the qualifications for this position, visit the Office of Personnel Management’s General Schedule Qualification Standards.

Your application and resume must clearly show that you possess the experience requirements. Transcripts must be provided for qualifications based on education. Provide course descriptions as necessary.

To receive consideration for this position, you must provide updated required documents and meet all qualification requirements by the closing date of this announcement.

Basic Requirement:

Degree: Biological sciences, agriculture, natural resources management, chemistry or related disciplines appropriate to the position.


Combination of education and experience: Courses equivalent to a major course of study in biological sciences, agriculture or natural resources management, chemistry or at least 24 semester hours in biological sciences, natural resources, wildland fire management, forestry, or agriculture equivalent to a major field of study, plus appropriate experience or additional education that is comparable to that normally acquired through the successful completion of a full 4-year course of study in the biological sciences, agriculture, or natural resources.

In addition to meeting the basic requirement, you must also possess experience and/or directly related education in the amounts listed below.

Experience refers to paid and unpaid experience, including volunteer work done through National Service programs (e.g., Peace Corps, AmeriCorps) and other organizations (e.g., professional; philanthropic; religious; spiritual; community, student, social). Volunteer work helps build critical competencies, knowledge, and skills and can provide valuable training and experience that translates directly to paid employment. You will receive credit for all qualifying experience, including volunteer experience.

Specialized Experience Requirement:

GS-12: Applicants must display one year specialized experience equivalent to at least the GS-11 grade level. Examples of specialized experience are: Reviewing and evaluating fire management plans for ecological soundness and technical adequacy; conducting field inspections before and after prescribed or wildland fires to determine if resource objectives were achieved and/or to evaluate the effectiveness of actions taken; and developing analyses on the ecological role of fire and its use and/or exclusion, and smoke management.

Selective Placement Factors:

A minimum 90 days experience performing on-the-line (Primary/Rigorous) wildland fire suppression duties as a member of an organized fire suppression crew or comparable unit that utilized knowledge of wildland fire suppression, containment or control techniques and practices under various conditions. This experience must be documented with specific dates in the online application or resume.

FIREFIGHTER RETIREMENT COVERAGE: This is a secondary position covered under the special retirement provisions of 5 USC 8336(c) for the Civil Service Retirement System and of 5 USC 8412(d) for the Federal Employees Retirement System.

WORK CAPACITY TEST (WCT) for Wildland Firefighters: This position participates in wildland firefighting activities. Based on the type of work performed, TAKING and PASSING the WCT at the ARDUOUS, MODERATE, or LIGHT level is a condition of employment.

TIME IN GRADE REQUIREMENT: If you are a current federal employee in the General Schedule (GS) pay plan and applying for a promotion opportunity, you must meet time-in-grade (TIG) requirements of 52 weeks of service at the next lower grade level in the normal line of progression for the position being filled. This requirement must be met by the closing date of this announcement.

Additional information
Career Transition Assistance Plan (CTAP) or Reemployment Priority List (RPL): To exercise selection priority for this vacancy, CTAP/RPL candidates must meet the basic eligibility requirements and all selective factors. CTAP candidates must be rated and determined to be well qualified (or above) based on an evaluation of the competencies listed in the How You Will Be Evaluated section. When assessed through a score-based category rating method, CTAP applicants must receive a rating of at least 85 out of a possible 100.

Land Management Workforce Flexibility Act (LMWFA) provides current or former temporary and term employees the opportunity to compete for permanent competitive service positions. Individuals must have more than 24 months of service without a break between appointments of two or more years and the last temporary or term appointment must have been with the Forest Service. Service must be in the competitive service and have been at a successful level of performance or better. Part-time and intermittent service will be credited only for time actually worked. Non-pay status such as leave without pay is credited for up to six months in a calendar year; anything beyond six months is not credited. Applicants are responsible for providing sufficient information/documentation to determine if the 24 month criteria is met.

The duty station for this position will be considered REMOTE and will be confirmed at time of selection. Salary range as shown is the locality pay Rest of U.S. (RUS). Pay rates vary by location. Please visit the Office of Personnel Management’s website for additional information on pay rates.

This is a Detail/Temporary Promotion not-to-exceed (NTE) 1 year but may be extended additional 2 years for a total of 3 years, or may end earlier due to lack of work or funds, or at the discretion of the Hiring Manager. The employee will be returned to a position that is comparable to his or her permanent position (i.e., same series, grade, and duty location) and your salary will be adjusted to the grade level and step that you would normally have been in had you remained in your position.
This position is eligible for telework.

This is a non-bargaining unit position.

Forest Service daycare facilities and Government Housing are not available.

USAJOBS Daily Saved Search Results for Agriculture jobs in Hawaii for 8/17/2021

Supervisory Civil Engineer (Direct Hire)
Department: Department of Agriculture –
Agency: Natural Resources Conservation Service –
Number of Job Opportunities & Location(s): vacancies – Honolulu, Hawaii
Salary: $95,012.00 to $123,516.00 / PA
Series and Grade: GS-0810-13
Open Period: 2021-08-17 to 2021-08-23
Position Information: Permanent – Full-time
Who May Apply: Career transition (CTAP, ICTAP, RPL), Open to the public